Speech Work: Consonant Contrasts /s/ and /z/, /ð/ and /Ө/


Welcome to Class !!

We are eager to have you join us !!

In today’s English Language class, We will be contrasting the Vowels /s/ and /z/, /ð/ and /Ө/. We will also be looking at Regular and Irregular Verbs. We hope you enjoy the class!




  1. Speech Work: Consonant Contrasts /s/ and /z/, /ð/ and /Ө/
  2. Grammar: Regular and Irregular Verbs
  3. Listening Comprehension: A Talk about Kofi Annan
  4. Writing: Topic Sentences


A. Speech Work:

speech english classnotesng

Content: Practicing sounds /s/, /z/ and /Ө/

Listen and say:

          /s/        /z/
Sip Zip
Said Zed
Seal Zeal
Soon Zoon
Sink Zinc
use (noun) use (verb)
Place Plays
Loose Lose
Hence Hens


Theme, thank, thick, thorn, thin, both, sheath, north, forth, bath, through, thief, thought, throw, third, pith, path, oath, earth, cloth, breath, wrath, both, north, moth.

/ð/ this, those, that, breathe, writhe

EVALUATION: Do the minimal pairing of these words.

READING ASSIGNMENT: Effective English P. 145, 149.



B. Grammar: Regular and Irregular Verbs

verbs parts of speech english classnotesng

Most verbs form their past tense and the past participle by adding ‘d’ or ‘ed’ and their present participle by adding ‘ing’.

Examples of Regular verbs:


Present Present participle Past tense Past participle
Apologise apologizing apologized apologized
Direct directing directed directed
Invite inviting invited invited
Share sharing shared shared
Switch switching switched switched


Irregular verbs form their past tense and past participle differently.


Present          Present participle      Past tense             Past participle

Are                   being                         were                      been

Awake              awaking                   awoke           awaken

Bleed                 bleeding                   bled                       bled

Build                 building                     built                        built

Cut                     cutting                       cut                  cut

Come                coming                     came                     come

Go                     going                         went                      gone

Hit                     hitting                          hit                            hit

See                 seeing                        saw                       seen

Tell                  telling                         told                        told

Win                 winning                     won                      won

Write               writing                       wrote                   written 

EVALUATION:  Write out the past and past participle forms of the following verbs: ring, run, say, see, sing, stand, swim, take, teach, throw, write, pray, mail, use, lap.

READING ASSIGNMENT: Student’s Companion pg. 84-94



C. Listening Comprehension

comprehension english classnotesng

Content: A Talk about Kofi Annan

Listen attentively to the comprehension passage about to be read to you and answer the questions that follow.

EVALUATION: The practice on p. 144. Effective English JSS 2



D. Writing Skill

writing english classnotesng

Content: To Learn the Use of a Topic Sentence.

The first sentence of a paragraph often tells the reader what the paragraph will be about. This helps the reader. For example, paragraph 5 of the passage on page 141 of Effective English JSS 2 begins with the topic sentence: During his life, Mallam Aminu Kano held many important positions. The rest of the paragraph mentions some of these positions. Sometimes the first sentence only gives a clue on what the paragraph will be about. For example, paragraph 4 states….

When Mallam Aminu Kano became a politician, he did not join the Northern People’s Congress (NPC)… Since it tells us what he did not join, we can perhaps guess that the paragraph will tell us what party he did belong to, and so it does.

EVALUATION: Effective English JSS 2 P.146 practice 3 (1-2)




Change the tense in the following sentences to the simple past tense.

  1. I think I’ll go for a swim.
  2. I visit my grandparents thrice a month.
  3. The plane takes off at 11:00 am.
  4. She fetches water daily.
  5. Amadu throws the ball to Musa who flings the ball at the goal with all his might.


  1. Effective English JS2, Test for Continuous Assessment pg 165 no 1 (a-h) Effective English
  2. Write the correct form of the verb in parentheses.
  3. We have (began, begun) to move at last.
  4. The canal boat (blew, blown) its whistle when we moved away from the pier.
  5. The captain had (chose, chosen) to leave early.
  6. He has (left, leaved) early several times.
  7. I wish my sister had (come, came) too.




We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

In our next class, we will be contrasting the Vowels /k/ and /g/. We are very much eager to meet you there.


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