Culture and Social Values: Religion


Welcome to Class !!

We are eager to have you join us !!

In today’s Social Studies class, We will be discussing Culture and Social Values. We hope you enjoy the class!



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Religion is the belief in the worship of God. It can also be defined as is the belief in the existence of a supreme being called God who created the entire universe including plants, animals and human beings.


Types of Religions Institutions
  1. Christianity: Christianity is a religion that teaches about Jesus Christ. His followers are called Christians and they believe he is the son of God who came to the world to serve mankind. Christians make use of the Holy book called Bible. Their main day of worship is Sunday.
  2. Islam: Islam is the religion revealed through Prophet Mohammed in the Arabian city of Mecca. Muslims believe that Mohammed is the last of the Prophet and messenger of God. The teachings of Islam are contained in the Qur’an which is the Holy book of the Muslims. The Muslims main day of worship is Friday. 

The Five Pillars of Islam

      1. Muslims believe that there is only one God and Mohammed is the messenger.
      2. Praying five times a day.
      3. Giving alms to the poor.
      4. Fasting during the month of Ramadan.
      5. Pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime


  1. African Traditional Religion (ATR): African traditional religion refers to the original traditional beliefs and practices of the various people of Africa. African traditional religion forbids all evil practices including theft, murder, adultery, all forms of wickedness, deceit and cheating.

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Evaluation Questions:

  1. Define religion.
  2. List and explain the various types of religions institutions.



The Yorubas call God Olodumare or Olorun.

The Igbos call God Chineke or Chukwu.

The Edo people call God Osanobwa. The Hausa/Fulani call God Allah or Ubangidi.

The Efik people call God Abasi or Edidem.


The Benefits and Functions of Religious Institutions

  1. Religious institutions promote love, peace and friendship.
  2. They teach respect for God and for man.
  3. They provide rules and regulations which help to control the behaviour of their members.
  4. Religious institutions teach their members to shun all forms of evils and criminal activities.
  5. Religious institutions teach their members to believe that God can help them in times of trouble.
  6. Religious institutions provide explanations to some of the mysteries of life.

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Similarities in the Lessons our Religion Teaches us.
  1. All religious institutions forbid lying, stealing, adultery and murder.
  2. They encourage their members to live holy life while on earth so that they will return to God in heaven after death.
  3. All religious institutions in the world require their members to submit totally to the will of God.
  4. Religious institutions especially Islam and Christianity teach that God is righteous and merciful.



  1. What are the benefits of religious institutions?
  2. Mention the names we call God in different communities in Nigeria.


General Evaluation / Revision Questions

  1. Define friendship.
  2. Highlight four factors that determine the choice of friends.
  3. List the agents of socialization.
  4. Identify five components of culture.
  5. Define family.


Reading Assignment

  1. Social Studies for Junior Secondary School by Anlepo, Mohammed Ezegbe and Salau. Pages 36 – 42.
  2. Simplified Social Studies book 2 by Yusuf R.A. Pages 25.


Weekend Assignment:

  1. Muslims go for their pilgrimage in one of the following cities A. Mecca B. Kuwait C. Jericho D. Baghdad.
  2. The Christians main day of worship is A. Friday B. Monday C. Sunday D. Thursday
  3. One of the following is not a pillar of Islam. A. Praying five times a day B. giving alms to the poor C. fasting during the month of Ramadan D. praying twice in a lifetime.
  4. The Muslims main day of worship is on A. Monday B. Friday C. Sunday D. Saturday.
  5. What name do the Igbo’s call their God? A. Olorun B. Osanobua C. Abasi D. Chineke.



  1. Explain the following. i. Christianity ii. Islam iii. African Traditional Religion.
  2. What are the benefits of religions institutions?



We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

In our next class, we will continue our lecture on Marriage as we look into Marriage. We are very much eager to meet you there.


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