Speech Work (Review of Monophthongs)

 

Welcome to Class !!

We are eager to have you join us !!

In today’s English Language class, We will be learning about Monophthongs. We hope you enjoy the class!

 

English-Speech-Sounds- english classnotesng

 

 

Review of Monophthongs

The English vowel sounds are twenty in number. These vowels consist of twelve monophthongs and eight diphthongs. The monophthongs can be sub-divided into long and short vowel sounds. Below are the sounds with examples.

 

Monophthongs

The short vowel sounds are seven (7). They are:

/ I /

‘a’      –           village, adage

‘e’       –           before, women, English

‘u’       –           business, busy, minute

‘ei’      –           foreign

‘ui’      –           build, guilt

‘y’       –           symbol, lynch, myth

‘O’      –           women

‘I’        –           sit, pig, big, pit, kid

 

/e /

‘a’      –           many, any

‘ou’    –           said

‘ay’    –           says

‘e’       –           bed, peg, egg, net.

‘ea’    –           dead, bread, head

‘ue’    –           guess, guest

‘eo’    –           leopard, jeopardy, Geoffrey

‘ie’      –           friend

‘u’       –           bury

 

/ æ /

‘a’      –           pat, hat, track, bag, trap

‘ai’      –           plait

 

/ ɒ/

‘a’      –           watch, want, what

‘ou’    –           cough, trough

‘au’    –           laurel, because, sausage

‘o’      –           cot, cod, pot, hot

‘ow’   –           knowledge

 

/ ʊ /

‘o’      –           woman, bosom, wolf

‘oo’    –           book, took, wood, wool

‘ou’    –           would, should, could

‘u’       –           pull, bull, put, sugar

 

 

The long vowel sounds are five (5). They are:

 

/ iː /

‘uay’  –           quay

‘ae’    –           Caesar, aesthetic

‘e’       –           mete, procedure, eve,

‘ee’    –           peel, meet, seek,

‘ae’    –           heat, seat, meat

‘ai’      –           machine, prestige

‘ei’      –           receive, deceive

‘ie’      –           relieve, believe

‘oe’    –           foetus, amoeba

‘ui’      –           suite

‘eo’    –           people

 

/ ɑː /

‘a’      –           father, pass, vase

‘ar’     –           car, park, mark

‘ear’   –           heart

‘er’     –           clerk, sergeant

‘al’      –           palm, calm, half

‘au’    –           laugh, aunt

 

/ ɜː/

‘er’     –           germ, verve, fertile,

‘ear’   –           learn, yearn, pearl

‘ir’       –           shirt, skirt, firm

‘ur’     –           burn, turn, curl, burden

‘our’   –           journey, mourners, courtesy.

 

/ ɔː/

‘a’      –           water, wall, talk

‘aw’   –           hawk, awe, law

‘au’    –           laud, caught, daughter

‘oa’    –           board, roar, hoard

‘ou’    –           bought, sought, fought

‘or’     –           fork, north, stoke

‘oo’    –           door

‘o’      –           floral, Florence

‘our’   –           count, bourdon

‘ar’     –           warm, war, wharf

 

/ uː/

‘eu’    –           feudal, leukaemia

‘ew’   –           ewe, stew, blew

‘o’      –           move, tomb, prove

‘oe’    –           shoe

‘ou’    –           soup, coup, youth

‘oo’    –           pool, tooth, school

‘u’       –           tune, rude, prune

‘ue’    –           sue, cue, blue

‘ui’      –           juice, fruit, suit

 

/ ʌ /

‘o’      –           mother, colour, money

‘oe’    –           does

‘ou’    –           country, tough, double

‘oo’     –          blood, flood,

‘u’       –           cut, hut, but, much

 

 

Schwa sound

/ə/

‘ae’    –           away, above, ago

‘er’     –           daughter, brother

‘or’     –           doctor, monitor

‘our’   –           clamour, colour, favour

 

monothongs english classnotesng

 

Evaluation:  Identify the vowel sounds underlined in the words below:

Perm                          /   /

Money                      /   /

Gracious                   /   /

Brother                      /   /

Nuisance                  /   /

Quality                      /   /

Psalm                         /   /

Crack                        /   /

Jeopardy                 /   /

People                     /   /

 

Reading Assignment: Read more on monophthongs from Exam focus for JSCE

References:  Standard Speech, pg 11-15; An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology of English by S.A Fatusin

Weekend Assignment: Do practice exercise 18 on pg. 78 of English Grammar by P.O Olatunbosun.

 

 

 

We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

In our next class, we will be reviewing Verbs and Adverbs. We are very much eager to meet you there.

 

LEARN TO CODE IN 8 WEEKS. Pay Only ₦25000 To Join Class💃

Access Fun Video Lessons to Pass WAEC, NECO, JAMB, POST-UTME in One Sitting💃

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Don`t copy text!