Structure (Expressing Willingness and Unwillingness)


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In today’s English Language class, We will be learning about Expressing Willingness or Unwillingness using Modal Verbs. We hope you enjoy the class!


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STRUCTURE: Expressing Willingness / Unwillingness Using Modal Verbs + Adverbials


The word “willingness” means not objecting to doing something or readiness to do something. While the word “Unwillingness” means the opposite.

Modal verbs are auxiliary/ helping verbs. They are: can/ could; may/might; shall/ should; will/ would; must; ought to; dare; need; used to and have to.

Modal verbs do not have “ing” forms and “ed” forms.

Modal verbs can express possibility, permission ability, intention, willingness, obligation etc.


Expressing Willingness or willingness with modal verbs + adverbials

Study the examples below:

  • I will come if I am invited. (willingness)
  • She will not come if she’s not invited. (unwillingness )
  • They shall have their salaries when they complete the task. (willingness on the part of the speaker.)
  • I will do the job provided you meet my demand. (willingness)
  • We shall attend the programme if our parents permit us.


Evaluation: Form five sentences that express willingness or unwillingness using modal verbs + adverbials.

Reference: Countdown English by Ogunsanwo; Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary

Reading Assignment: Read P.O Olatunbosun English Grammar for JSS, page 48-49



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In our next class, we will be Contrasring some Consonants in Speech Work. We are very much eager to meet you there.


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