Speech Work (Vowels), Poem (Empty Head)


Welcome to Class !!

We are eager to have you join us !!

In today’s English Language class, We will be learning about the Vowels \ ɑː \ and \ ɜː \. We will also read the Poem- Empty Head later on. We hope you enjoy the class!


english language classnotesng



Vowel \ ɑː \ is described as a neutral open back vowel and \ ɜː \ as a neutral half-close central vowel.


Vowel \ ɑː \ takes the following forms:

“a” as in father, pass, vase.

‘ar’ as in car, park, mark.

‘ear’ as in heart

‘er’ as in clerk, sergeant

‘al’ as in palm, calm, half

‘au’ as in laugh, aunt


\ ɜː \ takes the forms below:

‘er’ as in germ, verve

‘ear’ as in learn, yearn

‘ir’ as in shirt, skirt

‘ur’ as in burn, turn

‘our’ as in journey, courtesy



Indicate the sounds underlined in the following words:

Fertile             cart

Pearl              heart

Firm                calf

Burden          arsenal



Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology by S.A Fatusin 


Read “vowels” on page 145-146 of Exam Focus



poetry litrature classnotesng

Poem: Empty Head


The poem is talking about someone who doesn’t know anything as he forgets whatever he learns so soon.

The figures of speech used include:

Alliteration- lines 3 and 4

Repetition- lines 1, 5 and II

Personification- line 9, 10, 12 etc.



Learn the poem by heart.



Effective English bk3



Read section c: speech on page 130-131 of Effective English bk3



Choose the word that has the same consonant or vowel sound (s) as the one underlined.

  1. those A. thought    B. this             C. think         D. teeth
  2. keep  A. quay         B. kettle         C. kick                       D. quick
  3. low     A. loose         B. look                       C. louse         D. load
  4. change         A. cheat       B. sharp         C. crèche     D. chemist
  5. /a/      A. teacher    B. prove        C. battle       D. spray
  6. /^/      A. bat            B. dark                       C. blood       D. blow



  1. Write 10 words that are associated with moral appraisal and state their meanings.
  2. Write a good essay on the topic “Pollution In Our Cities’’



We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

In our next class, we will be talking about Indefinite and Reciprocal Pronouns. We are very much eager to meet you there.


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