Structure (Conjunctions)


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In today’s English Language class, We will be learning about Conjunctions. We hope you enjoy the class!


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A conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases or sentences together, e.g.; for, and, or etc, to show the relationship between them.

There are three types of conjunctions: Coordinating conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions and correlative conjunctions.


  1. Coordinating conjunctions are used to join similar parts of speech, clauses or sentences of equal value. The most common ones among them are: “and”, “but” and or.


        1. They want John and Mary
        2. Boys and girls sometimes think differently
        3. The women sang and danced
        4. The girls were very beautiful but very rude
        5. You may fry the egg or boil it.


2) Subordinating conjunctions: These are simply called subordinators. They are used to join main clauses to subordinate clauses. Examples of the most common ones among them are: when, where, while, why, although, because, if, since, after, until/till, that, unless, as and in order that.


        1. After she finished her work, she took a nap. (Showing time).
        2. Emmanuel was sleeping when the telephone rang. (time)
        3. I hid the golden ring where nobody could find it. (Place).
        4. They were happy because their mother bought them new toys. (reason)
        5. Although I was angry, I didn’t show it. (Concession).


3) Correlative conjunctions are used in pairs; e.g.; neither nor, either or, both and, and not only, but also.


        1. Both Kunle and Tinuke are my cousins
        2. Either you or Ngozi will be chosen
        3. Neither my father nor my mother could answer the questions
        4. You may not only sleep but also have your meals here



Do practice exercise seventeen, questions 1&2, page 15 of English Grammar by P.O. Olatunbosun.



The New Student’s Companion for Secondary School by Chris Talbot: Exam Focus English for JSCE.



Read “Conjunctions” on page 74 of English Grammar by P.O. Olatunbosun.




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In our next class, we will be learning about Writing Reports. We are very much eager to meet you there.


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