Structure (Reflexive and Reflective Pronouns)


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In today’s English Language class, We will be learning about Reflexive and Relative Pronouns. We hope you enjoy the class!


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Reflexive Pronouns

Reflexive pronouns are pronouns that refer to subjects of sentences. They usually end in “self” in their singular forms and in “selves” in their plural forms. E.g.;

  1. The murderer hanged himself (“himself refers to “The murderer”)
  2. The children did the work themselves (“children” refers to “The children)
  3. Tola gave herself to the police (“herself” refers to “Tola”)


The table below shows the reflexive pronouns in their singular and plural forms

Singular                                    Plural

First-person               myself                                                ourselves

Second Person         yourself                                             yourselves

Third Person             {himself, herself}                              themselves, Itself}


Reflexive pronouns are also used to show emphasis, e.g.;

I myself did not know the answer (“myself” emphasizes ‘I’)

She did the work herself (“herself” emphasizes ‘she’)



Relative Pronouns

Relative Pronouns usually introduce relative clauses. Relative pronouns show the relationship between relative clauses and the words that precede them. Relative pronouns are: who, whom, whose, which, that, where, when, and how. Consider the following examples;

  1. The girl who won the prize is my cousin
  2. The man whom I told you about is dead
  3. This is the lady whose car is missing
  4. I saw the boy that killed the python.



Construct a sentence with each of the following pronouns.

Ourselves, whose, which, itself, yourselves, who and myself.



Countdown English by Ogunsanwo



Read Exam Focus, page 46 (Reflexive pronouns) and page 45 (Relative pronouns)



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