Welcome to today’s class!!

We are excited to have you in our class!!

In today’s English class, we will be learning what an essay is, and the types of essay. 

What do you do when you have to convince your parents to buy you a bicycle but feel shy to tell them? You write!


How do you tell your friend who does not have a phone about your last school trip to Accra? You write!

In the same way, we define an essay as a detailed piece of writing designed to inform or persuade a reader. There are many different types of essay, but they are often defined in four categories: argumentative, expository, narrative, and descriptive essays.

Types of Essay

First, is an argumentative essay.  This is an essay which presents an extended, but evidence-based argument. Argumentative essays test your ability to learn and present your own position on a topic. 

The essay is divided into an introduction, body, and conclusion:

The Second type of essay we are considering is an expository essay. 

Expository Essay

An expository essay provides a clear, focused explanation of a topic. It doesn’t require an original argument, just a balanced and well-organized view of the topic.

Expository essays test your familiarity with a topic and your ability to organize and pass information. 

The third essay which is also considered as important is a descriptive essay. 

Descriptive Essay

A descriptive essay provides a detailed pictorial imagination of something. Like narrative essays, they allow you to be more creative than other types of writing, but they are more tightly focused than narrative essays. You might describe a specific place or object, rather than telling a whole story.

Descriptive essays test your ability to use language creatively, to convey a memorable picture of what you’re describing.

The fourth type of essay is the narrative essay. 

Narrative Essay

A narrative essay is one that tells a story. This is usually a story about a personal experience you had, but it may also be an imaginative exploration of something you have not experienced.

Narrative essays test your ability to build up a narrative in an engaging, well-structured way. They are much more personal and creative than other kinds of writing

In summary, descriptive and expository essays are focused on passing information and making clear points, while narrative and descriptive essays are about exercising creativity and writing in an interesting way. 


Identify the category of these essay topics

  • Why I prefer Lagos to Abuja
  • A summer trip to London
  • Primary education is less complex than Secondary education. 
  • Day school is better than boarding school. 

Weekend Assignment

Mention two important features of expository, narrative, argumentative and descriptive Essays. 

We can’t wait to have you in our next class where we will be learning about Pronouns And Types of Pronouns

Don’t forget to drop your questions and contributions in the comment box. See you in the next class!

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