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In today’s English class, we will be learning about the Types of Adjectives
In our previous class, we learned that an adjective is used to describe a noun. It is like a spice that is used to make our food sweeter.
Let’s look at the types of adjectives.
Types of Adjectives
- Comparative Adjective
Comparative adjectives are used to compare two things. They are usually formed by adding the suffix “-er” (or “-r” if the word ends in the letter “e”). For two-syllable words that end in “y,” the “y” is replaced with “-ier.”
Did you know that comparative adjectives can also be formed by adding “more” or “less” before an adjective that has not been modified?
The “more” form is typically used for words with two or more syllables, while the “less” form is used for all adjectives.
Let’s take this phrase for example “I have never seen a more honest person” – What I just did with this phrase is to compare, right? And that is what a comparative adjective is.
- Superlative Adjectives
Superlative adjectives are used to indicate that something has the most or least of a specific quality. They are typically seen before the definite article “the” and usually formed by adding the suffix “-est” (or “-st” if the word ends in the letter “e”).
Superlative adjectives can also be formed by adding “most” or “least” before an adjective that has not been modified. The “most” form is typically used for words with two or more syllables, while the “least” form is used for all adjectives.
- Absolute Adjectives
An absolute adjective is an adjective describing an absolute state that cannot be compared. For example, the word “dead” is often considered to be an absolute adjective because it’s not possible to be “deader” than someone else.
- Coordinate Adjectives
Coordinate adjectives are two or more adjectives that modify the same noun in a sentence. Coordinate adjectives can be separated by commas or by the conjunction “and.”
Examples: Coordinate adjectives in a sentence
- The oranges were sweet and ripe.
- Chinua Achebe wrote an inspiring and entertaining African novel.
- I wore a beautiful and shining shirt
Explain two reasons why comparative adjectives are different from superlative adjectives.
Give (5) examples of superlative adjectives
Mention all the adjectives we have and give an example each.
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