Types of Vowels

Welcome to today’s class!!

We are excited to have you join our class!!

In today’s English class, we will learning about Speech Work

As we have already come to know in our previous class, that consonant sounds are differentiated by how the air is blocked—such as sticking the tongue behind the front teeth for d and t, or closing the lips for b, m, and p—vowel sounds are differentiated by pitch, accent, volume, and duration.

Stay with me as we learn about the types of vowels. 

Speech: Types of Vowels

types of vowels

We have short and long vowels. Let’s take a look at the first one. 

Short Vowels

Even though there are only five (sometimes six) vowels in the alphabet, they can be combined in a variety of ways to change their sounds, which results in more than a dozen different vowel sounds in English. 

Without getting too confusing, we can divide these vowel sounds into two categories: short vowels and long vowels.

Short vowels are the popular pronunciation of vowels—usually when there is only one vowel in the word—especially in short words.

Take a look at the examples of short Vowels

  • a as in cat


  • e as in wet


  • i as in big


  • o as in clock

types of vowels


Now, let’s take a look at long Vowels..

Long Vowels

Long vowels are a little more complex. 

Generally, they are created by combining two vowels, where one is typically silent. Often they are pronounced like the name of the vowel; for example, the long vowel sound in eat is pronounced like the name of letter e.

Take a look at the examples of long Vowels

  • a as in cake

types of vowels

  • e as in street


  • o as in phone


Summarily, these are the basics of vowel pronunciation, but they are also the most common examples. If you can master these vowel sounds, you can master most of the English words you will come across, and it will also help your spelling when you write.


How many parts are vowels divided into?

Reading Assignment

Study the vowels below and identify them in sentences

  • e
  • o

Weekend Assignment

Give 20 words that you can form using the long vowels. 


We hope you enjoyed today’s class. In our next class, we will be learning about New Words And Their Meaning

Let us know your thoughts and questions in the comment section, and we will attend to them as fast as we can.

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