Formation of Verbs

Welcome to today’s class!!

We are excited to have you join our class!!

In today’s English class, we will be learning about Formation of Verbs

Formation of Verbs

Formation of verbs is a regular friend in the English language. Because it is a topic we find and use in our conversations, it is important we understand how they are formed. 

There are up to five forms for each verb: root, third-person singular, present participle, past, and past participle. Let’s take a look at some of them with their examples. 

Root Form Of The Verb

The root form of a verb is the base form of the word. 

The root form of the verb is the same as the infinitive form with “to” removed. 

See the examples below:

to see – see

to be – be

to wear – wear

to go – go

The root form of a verb is used to create other forms of the verb when combined. This is always true with regular verbs, but may not apply with irregular verbs, depending on the tense. 

The examples below illustrate this concept.

I am going to school.

(Root: go)

going to school


The girl showed her mother the picture she drew in school.

(Root: show)


He had eaten three doughnuts.

eating doughnuts

(Root: eat)

Third Person Singular Form Of A Verb

The third person singular (he/she/they/it/one) conjugation is the verb form that tends to be different from other conjugations. For regular verbs, this verb form ends in –s (or sometimes –es). 

Let’s consider the examples below:

he sees

she watches

they play

it shrinks

one does

Present Participle Form Of A Verb

The present participle verb form is created by adding –ing to the root word. It’s used in the past, present, and future progressive verb tenses.

Look at the examples below:

  • We’re coming to the party tonight.


           (come – coming)


  • They have been drawing for hours.


         (draw – drawing)

formation of verbs

  • We will be washing the car before vacation

(wash – washing)


In summary, there are basically five forms for each verb: root, third-person singular, present participle, past, and past participle which are responsible for the formation of verbs



Mention the forms in which verb formation is taken out from.


Reading Assignment

Using the understanding of what’s taught in today’s class, give five examples of third person singular forms of a verb. 


Weekend Assignment

Give six examples of the root form of a verb and construct sentences with them


We hope you enjoyed today’s class. In our next class, we will be looking at a Passage Dealing With Quarrels.

Let us know your thoughts and questions in the comment section, and we will attend to them as fast as we can.

Get more class notes, videos, homework help, exam practice etc on our app [CLICK HERE]

Upgrade your teaching with ready-made & downloadable class notes on our app [CLICK HERE]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Don`t copy text!